The call was made during a final project workshop held in Bogor, Indonesia last week (5-6 August 2010) to mark the end of research activities of the Indonesia component of a project on pro-poor HPAI risk reduction strategies.
The two-year project is supported by the UK Department of International Development (DFID) and is implemented in Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam) and Africa (Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria).
The workshop was held to review project activities and key research outputs, as well as to propose key recommendations for future research collaboration.
About 40 participants were in attendance, drawn from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the Royal Veterinary College (RVC), the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Indonesia Ministry of Agriculture (MoA).
Also present were stakeholders from local universities such as Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta and Bogor Agricultural University, poultry industry/farmers, and international researchers and donors implementing or supporting similar projects in the country.
Project activities whose results were reviewed included
- qualitative and quantitative assessment of the risk of transmission of HPAI between small-scale broiler farms;
- value chain analysis focusing on a range of poultry products including local and commercial live birds, eggs, spent layers and ducks;
- analysis of degree of compliance of backyard and small-scale poultry producers with HPAI control measures;
- review of institutional response capacity to HPAI;
- qualitative and quantitative assessment of impacts of HPAI on livelihoods;
- analysis of willingness to pay for control measures;
- cost-benefit analysis; and
- communication and advocacy activities.
The key recommendations discussed at the workshop included the need to encourage uptake of basic biosecurity measures through education, provision of targeted subsidies, development of professional producer and trader associations with certification schemes, and identification of ways of encouraging prompt reporting of outbreaks.
Livelihoods studies highlighted the need for campaigns to improve the level of awareness of HPAI risks and encourage behaviour change.
The meeting also acknowledged that the ad hoc institutions that were set up after the initial HPAI outbreaks played a key role in the dissemination of information.
The Indonesia National Committee for Avian Influenza Control and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (KOMNAS FBPI) is one such institution, which brought together animal and human health authorities in implementing a joint response to the pandemic.
It was recommended that these types of institutions be integrated into the relevant government departments throughout the country’s administrative units. These recommendations will be further developed in consultation with the MoA.
IFPRI will take the lead role in developing and disseminating communication and advocacy materials. The project will also develop an 8-minute video to capture the main messages generated. Future research and potential publications will be discussed in a feedback meeting with the MoA scheduled for October 2010.
In a courtesy meeting during the workshop, the Director General for Livestock Services in Jakarta, Dr Tjeppy Soedjana, was briefed about the project objectives and achievements and emphasized his interest in future collaboration with ILRI, IFPRI and RVC.
For more information about the project and to view the project reports, please visit http://www.hpai-research.net.
Contributed by Bernard Bett and Fred Unger